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You have probably heard about the 4C’s of diamond buying. These are standard guidelines and a nice place to start.
At Fire in Ice, we go a step further. We encourage you to sit down with us have a look and ask questions. We don’t need you to know exactly what you want – we will help you to figure that out along the way.
It’s important to remember that no two diamonds are alike and each stone has unique characteristics. Please contact us to discuss the right diamond for you.
There are a certain number of criteria to look for when purchasing a diamond, referred to as the “four Cs:” cut, carat, color, and clarity. These elements together will determine the cost of the diamond.
The cut of a diamond is a product of its craftsmanship. (The shape is a matter of personal taste and aesthetics, yielding a round, rectangular, teardrop, heart, or oval stone.) The cut is what brings out the vibrancy of the diamond as well as what minimizes flaws.
The carat (or weight) of a diamond is directly associated with its size, and even the untrained eye can tell when a diamond has a higher carat. Carat also affects the price of a diamond.
Keep in mind that a ring with several smaller diamonds measuring 2 carats, let’s say, is not as valuable as a single diamond weighing 2 carats. If you want to save some money or are on a tight budget, find the highest carat you can afford, then go down in size by .05 carats and you may be able to save quite a bit of money.
Measurements are as follows: one carat equals 0.2 grams. For anything smaller than a carat, the gem’s size is referred to in points.
For example, a gem with 25 points would be .25 carats. Diamond size in carats ranges from .05 to 3.
What size to buy?
Besides carat weight, color is another value-inducing factor of a diamond. Diamonds should be as clear and as colorless as possible without cloudiness or brown or gray spots. To the naked eye they may all seem clear, but in fact, they all have traces of yellow in them. Colored diamonds, which are very rare and expensive, actually should have color, either blue, green, or yellow.
Spots, cracks, blemishes, air bubbles, and inclusions are all considered to decrease a diamond’s clarity. Clarity and transparency is often fixed by oils, resins, and chemicals used by gemstone manufacturers.
Do not confuse a certificate with an appraisal. Just because its market worth is one thing, doesn’t mean that the diamond is of real quality. Certificates are the true measure of the diamond’s worth based on the specifications explained above. The certificate will be from a lab that tells whether or not the diamond is organic (natural or genuine and not grown in a laboratory). It also lists the grade of the diamond as far as carat, color, clarity, and cut.
Fire in Ice only sources diamonds from manufacturers and distributors that adhere to the worldwide conflict diamond policies set forth by the United Nations. This is known as the Kimberley Process. For more information on the Kimberley Process, please visit our Policies section.